Culture Quest Music Appreciation Group receives Lottery Funding!

When the members of the Culture Music Appreciation Group had to face the reality that the funding for group from Norfolk County Council was coming to an end they formed an Unincorporated Association, elected a committee and wrote a constitution, which enabled them to apply for funding.

The group has met regularly at Norwich Art Centre since January 2016. The members of the group are all people who live with mental ill health they find that through sharing their interest and enjoyment of music it helps them manage their mental health and can reduce social isolation.

The funding will enable the group to run another 40 sessions starting this month.

A Musician who is also a mental health professional facilitates the group.

The group was originally set up and run by the Restoration Trust who has supported the members to form their own association.



I see the photo in my mind.

As a toddler I sit on a sacred stone.

Facing the wrong way – looking back.

Sensing the vibrations of eras past.

Family portrait, back row all past on.

One taken far too young.

Digging up family archaeology.

Many mysteries remain unsolved?

Author Amander F. Wellings. 23/2/2019

Amander is a Restoration Trust colleague who is a carer service user and a co-member of the Change Minds research team. She gave us permission to post this beautiful, powerful combination of family photograph and poetry.


This blog appears on the excellent Living With Mental Health website here.

57070862_10158290286863356_6561600578105901056_n.jpgHey Everyone, hope this finds you all well. Well this blog is to share with you, not only my mental health, but also my physical health. I have had a condition called M.E. since the age of 15. A brief description of this condition is that causes extreme fatigue in all your muscles, and makes you want to sleep a lot! It can affect your joints quite a lot too.

So i am a member of the Burgh Castle Almanac group, and we all went on the Angles Way walk, which is 4.5 miles long. well for most this is a mission, but for someone with M.E., it can be very daunting and exhausting experience. But i am very happy to say, I did it !!! ok i’ve been resting every since, but the achievement of doing it was well worth it.

When i found out we were doing the walk, i dreaded it. The thought of walking that far made me feel anxious, and i wanted to pull out quite a few times, due to the fear of failing to complete it. But with encouragement, and a stern talking to myself, I did it, and best of all, as i have said earlier, I completed it. I think our biggest obstacle in life is ourselves. We talk ourselves out of so many good things, that we miss, what is, and can be a very uplifting experience, whatever level of fitness or mental capability we are. I think pushing ourselves to what we think is our limit, will surprise us all, when we realize, that that limit, is actually limitless!!!

So i have mentioned in a couple of blogs, what i get up to in the Burgh Castle Almanac group, well the update of what we have been up to is thus. We have had a small exhibition at the Great Yarmouth Time and Tide museum, which is well worth a visit if you have never been, where we displayed our artwork and items that we have found on our walks around Burgh Castle. Items such as pottery and an old coin. The coin was an old Roman coin with an inscription on which had been translated to say, ‘The return of Happy times’ The art work was made by using a pin hole camera, which gave great results and was very interesting to do. Other artwork included, a drawing and photos which we had taken and adapted through a app on the computer.

Once the exhibition was taken down, we were told that while it was up, the museum had had 2395 people through the door, looking at all the exhibits, including ours. This has made me feel very proud of our group, and all that we have achieved throughout the year.

I am having ups and downs with my mental and physical well being, but achieving something like all this, above, makes it easier to like myself just that little bit more. I can actually say now, i did that, and im dam well proud of what i’ve achieved.

I encourage you all to try something that you thought was un-achievable before, because i can guarantee, you will succeed and feel great about it. It doesn’t matter how many times you try to do something, its the not giving up and finally succeeding that counts.

I wish you all happy mental and physical health, and keep up the good work!!!


All photos by Tod Sullivan


fixed point montage

7th March 2019

Exhibition about archaeology and mental health project opens today at Time and Tide Museum, Great Yarmouth

 The Return of Happy Times is a new exhibition in the Community Gallery at Time and Tide Museum.  Curated by the Burgh Castle Almanac group with artist Ian Brownlie, the exhibition runs until 1st April 2019.

 A Celebration Event for press and guests will be held at Time and Tide Museum from 10.30 – 12 on Tuesday 19th March. This will be an opportunity to meet group members and see the exhibition.

The title of the exhibition is taken from the inscription on a beautiful Roman coin found at Burgh Castle Roman Fort by group member Adrian Charlton during one of our monthly walks. The coin is shown in the exhibition.

The Return of Happy Times is funded by a grant from the Arts Project Fund at Norfolk County Council.

Burgh Castle Almanac is an archaeology, creativity and wellbeing programme based at Burgh Castle Roman Fort and Time and Tide Museum. Once a month a group of local people who live with mental health problems walk around the Roman Fort making a photographic record of the changing seasons. Sometimes the group is accompanied by archaeologists, artists, musicians and naturalists to explore the landscape in different ways. A fortnight later the group gathers at Time and Tide Museum to make art reflecting on their experiences. The project began in May 2018 and continues until May 2020.

The exhibition features archaeology, art, photography and a short film created with BBC Voices.

Burgh Castle Almanac is run by the Restoration Trust. It is part of Water, Mills and Marshes, a £4.5 million programme supported by the National Lottery Heritage Fund that focuses on the people, communities and heritage of the Broads National Park.

Norfolk Archaeological Trust owns Burgh Castle Roman Fort and leads the project. The Trust works with local communities to save Norfolk’s irreplaceable historic sites and to share them with everyone.

Access Community Trust in Lowestoft works with participants on the project. AccessCT promotes social inclusion, preventing people from becoming excluded, relieving the needs of those who are excluded and assisting them to integrate into society.

The Restoration Trust’s culture therapy projects at Burgh Castle, Norfolk Record Office, Norwich Arts Centre and Stonehenge help people with serious mental health problems enjoy heritage, art and culture in a safe, effective way.

Time and Tide in Great Yarmouth is set in one of the UK’s best preserved Victorian herring curing works and tells the story of Great Yarmouth from its ice age origins to the present day. It is part of Norfolk Museums Service.

For more information about The Return of Happy Times and Burgh Castle Almanac contact Laura Drysdale: | 07740844883







A4 poster current (1) copy The Return of Happy Times celebrates Burgh Castle Almanac’s art, creative writing and archaeology. The title is taken from the inscription on a Roman coin that Adrian Charlton found in a molehill on the site in November, now accessioned by Norfolk Archaeological Trust.

We will be holding an Open Morning for the project’s friends and family at Time and Tide Museum on Tuesday 19th March, 10.30 – 12 am. Please do join us!


At Change Minds Norwich final celebration session on 29th November 2018 the group, including staff and volunteers, gave anonymous feedback about what they had enjoyed over the 15-session programme.

The comments clustered into three themes: archives, research, learning; creativity; the group, personal development. They illustrate how the elements of the programme intertwine to offer a satisfying experience for the whole group.

Here are some representative comments.


Being introduced to Norfolk Record Office has been fascinating – it was so interesting to see how it all works!

Visit to study centre at Museum – seeing the John Craske embroidery – made me research him further

 I never would have thought I would want to be sent to an asylum! (if Dr Hills was running it!!)

 Although I wasn’t part of the recorded oral history, the conversations around the session were so enlightening and open – I learnt a lot.

 Investigating my person Meeting new people Making my doll


Very interesting enjoyed the making side and the talks

 I really enjoyed the creative activities – the doll sewing and book binding inspired me to have another go at home. Very relaxing

 Learning new skills – bookbinding was particularly good.


Hugely inspiring Fired up “Recovered” Challenge/”Purpose”

Despite remaining silent most of the time, it’s been great to be part of a group

 Getting to know everyone a little more with every session; I have found this, the overarching aspect of the project, to have been particularly inspiring.

 I’m proud of myself for actually managing to attend the sessions and stay there and surprised myself by enjoying some of it despite the anxiety.

Members of the group are talking about Change Minds at a UEA Medical Humanities seminar on 13th February. Contact Laura Drysdale or Dr Harriet Cooper for more information.

Norfolk Lunatic Asylum in 1882

Richard Johnson’s research into records about St Andrew’s Hospital, or Norfolk Lunatic Asylum at Norfolk Record Office reveals information about life for patients and staff at the asylum in 1882. Change Minds, our archives and mental health project at Norfolk Record Office, explored the stories of people who were admitted to the asylum at this time through their case records. Richard’s research add substance to the connections made between treatment for mental illness then, and now.




Financial statement

Line of command (including staff structure and names of key staff)



Food facts

Dietary tables




Of 4220 patients admitted from 1850 to 31 December 1882, 732 (or 17% were re-admissions). Of 3505 who had left the asylum 1671 had ‘recovered’ (almost half), 205 were ‘relieved’, 1467 had died and 162 had ‘not improved’. The last number included transfers to other asylums.

Age on Admission

Male Female Total
5-7 1 1
15-20 2 4 6
20-50 43 58 111
50-60 16 21 37
60-70 7 10 17
70-80 6 14 20
80-90 2 2

Causes of Insanity (None this year for sunstroke or ‘immoral life’!)

Male Female Total
domestic troubles (including loss of relatives/friends) 2 6 8
adverse circumstances (including business, monetary troubles) 9 6 15
love affairs 1 1
religious excitement 1 1
intemperance (drink) 3 2 5
parturition and the puerperal state 10 10
fright 1 1
old age 5 1 6
other bodily diseases or disorders 6 5 11
previous attacks 17 26 43
hereditary influence ascertained 11 13 24
congenital defect 3 3 6
other ascertained causes (including epilepsy) 4 3 7
injury or accident 3 3
not known 10 30 40
Total 76 108 184


Male Female Total Causes of Death
5-7 1 1  

(i) Cerebral or Spinal disease (including General Paralysis and Exhaustion): 24


(ii) Thoraic disease (including pneumonia, heart disease): 23


(iii) Abdominal disease (including senile decay, chronic cystitis, liver disease): 21

15-20 1 1
20-50 13 15 28
50-60 5 5 10
60-70 7 5 12
70-80 5 7 12
80-90 3 1 4



Average weekly cost (per patient) of Maintenance, Medicine, Clothing and Care of Patients (year ending 31/12/1882)

cost % cost %
Provisions (including Garden & Farm) 4/11½d 56.0% Miscellaneous (eg, clothing to attendants, music, printing, books, stationery, funeral expenses, tobacco, snuff) 3¾d 3.5%
Salaries & Wages 1/7¾d 18.5% Furniture and Bedding 2¼d 2.1%
Clothing 10d 9.4% Wine, Spirits and Porter 1d 0.9%
Necessaries (eg, fuel, light, washing) 9½d 8.9% Surgery and Dispensary ¾d 0.7%

Sub-total: 8/10½

Less monies received for articles, goods and produce sold (exclusion of those consumed in the asylum): ½d

Total Average Weekly Cost per Head: 8/10d

Clerk and Steward’s Report Book (SAH144) – report for COV meeting 27/02/1882

‘I have analysed the accounts for 1882 and now lay before you’:

 Maintenance Account

Total Receipts: £18671 15/10d

Total Payments: £16150 13/6d

Balance: + £2521 2/4d

Building Account

Total Receipts: £3003 7/6d

Total Payments: £2773 5/3

Balance: + £230 2/3d




‘The Lunacy Act 1845 with the 1845 or 1853 County Asylums Act was the basis of lunacy law in England and Wales from 1845-90”



Chairman (7th Earl of Shaftesbury) and medical/legal commissioners

(report to the Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State)



Chairman (Rev RG Lucas) & 14 members

(report to the County Quarter Sessions)




  • Medical Superintendent (Dr William Charles Hills)
  • 2 Resident Medical Officers (Thomas Compton and Alexander McWilliam)
  • Consulting Surgeon (Charles Williams)
  • Clerk & Steward, Clerk to the Committee of Visitors, Treasurer, Chaplain, Examiner of Accounts,
  •  Housekeeper (Main Building) (Mrs Arnoup), Head Female Attendant (Main Building) (Miss Nuti), Head Male Attendant (James Ramsey), and Housekeeper and Head Female Attendant (Auxiliary Building) (Miss Bertha Waters)


Storekeeper, Cellarman-Butcher, 18 Male and 25 Female Attendants, 3 Laundresses, 2 Cooks, Kitchen Maid, Gatekeeper, House Lad


Main Building and Auxiliary Building (for ‘chronic lunatics, imbeciles and idiots’)

Average monthly number of patients (1882): 292 male/414 female – Total 706 (of which 109 of each sex were in the Auxiliary Building)



Monthly Returns entered in the Medical Superintendent’s Journal (January to December 1882). The return was completed by the Medical Superintendent for production at the monthly meeting of the Committee of Visiting Justices.

Total remaining at last meeting (December 1881) – 289/402 (691). Average monthly population of asylum –  292/414 (706)

Date admit discharge died remaining including
on probation in auxiliary building
27 Jan 12/8 (20) 2/4 (6) 5/4 (9) 294/402 (696) 1/0 (1) 103/100 (203)
27 Feb 8/9 (17) 2/3 (5) 6/3 (9) 294/405 (699) 0/2 (2) 103/100 (203)
24 Mar 5/5 (10) 1/3 (4) 7/4 (11) 291/403 (694) 1/1 (2) 103/100 (203)
23 April 6/12 (18) 4/3 (7) 3/4 (7) 290/408 (698) 3/1 (4) 103/106 (209)
28 May 9/9 (18) 2/5 (7) 2/3 (5) 295/409 (704) 4/2 (6) 110/112 (222)
25 June 5/5 (10) 5/4 (9) 3/3 (6) 292/407 (699) 1/2 (3) 110/111 (221)
21 July 6/15 (21) 3/7 (10) 3/3 (6) 292/412 (710) 2/3 (5) 110/111 (221)
20 Aug 6/12 (18) 4/4 (8) 3/0 (3) 291/420 (711) 4/3 (7) 110/111 (221)
25 Sept 6/10 (16) 2/3 (5) 290/421 (711) 2/1 (3) 110/111 (221)
29 Oct 3/9 (12) 4/2 (6) 0/1 (1) 289/427 (716) 114/114 (228)
27 Nov 3/7 (10) 1/3 (4) 0/1 (1) 291/430 (721) 1/3 (4) 114/114 (228)
25 Dec 6/7 (13) 1/6 (7) 3/4 (7) 293/427 (720) 3/2 (5) 114/115 (229)



This is the only detailed description of the patients’ day in any of the Annual Reports up to at least 1890.

6am Male and female attendants rise. Between 25th September and 25th March, patients’ sleeping rooms are not unlocked until 6.30am to allow attendants time to light fires, clean hearths and otherwise prepare day-rooms for the comfortable reception of patients when they get up.
Patients are provided with conveniences for washing themselves. Practice is enforced or encouraged in those that are averse to cleanliness and performed for those who may be unable to attend to themselves.
8am Breakfast
8.30am (Sundays, Tuesday, Fridays) – religious service or prayer readings
9am Patients taken to their various occupations. In fine weather all patients capable of taking exercise are conducted to airing grounds and attendants encourage and take active part in their outdoor amusements
11am Patients who are engaged on any laborious work receive extra rations
12.30pm Patients return to wards
1pm Dinner. Care taken that every patient, whether up or in bed, receives due proportion of food. (By the 1860s a large proportion of patients were having dinner in the newly constructed dining-hall rather than on the wards).
2pm Male patients proceed to their various allotted employments
2.30pm Unemployed patients are again taken to the airing grounds (until 4pm in Winter, 5pm in Summer)
4pm Patients who are engaged on any laborious work receive extra rations
6pm Supper served in the patients’ respective day-rooms
Reading, music, card playing and after amusements are encouraged until bedtime. patients’ requests for books and writing paper complied with as far as practicable
7pm Patients to bed (winter)
8pm Patients to bed (summer)



Fruit and vegetables produced within the asylum (and which appear to have been used in-house rather than sold): broccoli, cucumbers, sea kale, asparagus, radishes, spinach, lettuces, broad beans, french beans, peas, carrots, parsnips, vegetable marrow, tomatoes, leeks, celery, cress, brussel sprouts, turnips, rhubarb, gooseberries, strawberries, cherries, apricots, peaches, apples, pears, raspberries and currants.

Patients were treated to roast beef and plum pudding for Christmas dinner. A Mr William Birkbeck also sent a yearly gift of oranges around Christmas time. Christmas dinner for the officers and servants of the asylum (and which usually took place in January) appears to have been goose and turkey.

In 1875 the Marquis of Townshend sent in 12 rabbits ‘which were much enjoyed’ by 40 patients.

A quarter cask of Marsala wine was reserved for consumption by sick patients.

Dr Hills instituted the practice of weighing patients regularly and particularly upon the days of admission and discharge. From patients’ details contained in a case book covering September 1881 to March 1883 the following, surprising,  statistics were obtained:

Of 75 patients whose before and after weights are recorded (and therefore excluding those patients who died in the asylum or whose details were carried over to other case books), 65 (or almost 87%) gained weight. Of these 37 gained over a stone! Ten gained over three stone (with the highest gain being 3 stone 10½ pounds). In total, 95% either gained weight or lost less than a stone – and one of those who lost weight had just given birth!

What the Commissioners in Lunacy said (from their reports 1861-1890)

April 1861: Dinner of beef dumplings, rice, potatoes and beer to each patient. All which we tasted and found particularly good.

April 1864: Solid dinners, including meat, are given every day, by reason of which very little ‘extra diet’ is necessary.

March 1869: Excellent beef, potatoes, rice, bread and beer.

August 1872: Good baked beef, potatoes, bread and beer.

March 1873: Food – good and abundant.

July 1875:  Dinner – quality good and quantity abundant. Mustard with the beef would not be amiss (!). We understand that the same dinner is served to those unfit to be present at the general dinner (mostly idiots and demented) with the exception of milk and water in lieu of beer.

February 1877: Baked beef, with vegetables and beer – several patients of whom we enquired expressed ‘entire satisfaction’

April 1880: Witnessed dinner on both days of inspection. Excellent quality, well cut up and appeared much liked. One male (only!) said he did not like not having beer with dinner  – we were informed by Dr Hills that he considered that the patients’ physical condition had improved since the use of malt liquors had been discontinued at dinner.

May 1882: potatoes small and many bad and uneatable, no other vegetable. Consider alternative until new potato crop available. Unsatisfactory distribution of meals – perhaps two serving wagons instead of one.

May 1883: Dinner substantial. Service improved by two wagons for plates (!).

October 1885: We saw dinner served on both days of our visit. Yesterday’s dinner was more popular than the meat pie today which was rejected by several patients.

November 1886: Meals could be better served to insure patients obtain their food fairly hot. Glad to hear is shortly to be effected.

November 1887: Some dissatisfaction with the soup dinners. We think that a meat dinner could be substituted or one of the two.

November 1888: Diet table at Auxiliary Building improved ‘only’ by substituting a fish dinner for one of the two soup dinners. Bread allowance too small for many and glad to hear that this is not strictly adhered to where more is asked for.

June 1889: There ought to be no difference in dietary between the Main Asylum and the Auxiliary Building. Usefully employed chronic patients require as good and generous a diet as the more recently admitted and acute cases.

March 1890: Dr Thomson has prepared a Dietary Table which is to be applied at both buildings but consideration has been postponed for a time by the Committee of Visitors. We fail to see any good reason for lower diet to patients lodged in the Auxiliary Building (most of whom are working).

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